Sunshine hitting the slab near the north facing door at midday in late February
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February comfort and cost report

After sailing through January’s record temperatures, the milder February temperatures didn’t challenge our high-performance home.  The air conditioner stayed offline.  Passive cooling with natural air circulation at night was all that was required to maintain a comfortable indoor temperature.

Our energy bill was a $5 credit, down from January’s $11 credit.  Average daily electricity consumption for our home stayed around the 12kWh mark.

Solar power production dropped to 0.87 MWh, down from the 1 MWh January peak.  That’s still far more electricity than we need for hot water, EV charging, cooking, washing, etc.  Just under 550 kWh was exported to the grid.

February weather

After January’s record breaking weather, Melbourne eased back to generally lower temperatures.

At our local BOM weather station, the average daily maximum was 26.8oC, down from January’s 29.8oC. The overnight minimum average dropped too, going from 16.5oC to 14oC.

Staying comfortable in February

This temperature chart compares conditions in our living area (kitchen) with the ambient temperature on the north and south sides of the house.

Comparing indoor and outdoor temperatures for February
Green – kitchen (living area); Black – outside, north wall; Blue – outside, south wall

Kitchen temperatures (green line) hovered around 22oC, below the recommended indoor summer temperature range of 24 to 27oC.  This range is based on balancing air conditioning costs with personal comfort.

We did not require air conditioning to control the kitchen temperature and maintain comfortable indoor conditions.

During the day, indoor temperatures rose by a couple of degrees.  With the Sun lower in the sky, sunlight is hitting the edge of the concrete slab.  The slab captures this energy which gently warms the interior.

Sunshine hitting the slab near the north facing door at midday in late February
Sunlight coming through the north facing door at midday in late February

Our house is beginning the transition to passive heating for the cooler months ahead.  More and more of the slab gets exposed to sunlight during Autumn.  However, in February, we’re not quite ready to trap all that energy as the house might get too warm during the day.

At night, I open the windows to allow natural circulation to vent excess heat.  Fortunately, Melbourne gets cool nightly changes shown by a 30oC day followed by a 14oC night. The cool air takes away excess heat so the interior temperature drops a couple of degrees.  In the morning, closing the windows protects us from the rising temperatures outside.

Home alone indoor temperatures

For the last few days in February, we were away, driving the MG ZS EV to Brisbane for an adventurous road trip.

Adventurous EV road trip from Melbourne to Brisbane and back again
Made it to Dayboro on the outskirts of Brisbane

The house operated in “home alone” mode, left to its own devices.

Left the house in home alone mode

I was curious to see what would happen if we weren’t around to open and close windows.

This chart shows our home carried on regardless.

Indoor temperature compared to outdoor temperature during a period when nobody was at home
Green – kitchen (living area); Black – outside, north wall; Blue – outside, south wall

The excellent insulation prevented the interior temperature falling below 19oC, despite ambient temperatures as low as 10oC.  Some passive heating warmed the interior during the day.

The house maintained a consistent indoor temperature, although it wasn’t stressed by a spell of hot weather.

Major electricity users

My understanding of the major electricity users improved after being away from the house for a few days.

The main appliances left online were the fridge & freezer and the hot water system.  If we ignore the small stuff like the clock radio, TV on standby, etc, those three devices consume 5 kWh per day.  Heating the hot water tank used 1 kWh per day.  That leaves 4 kWh going to the fridge & freezer.

Using 4 kWh to keep foodstuffs cold is actually a big chunk of our average daily 12 kWh consumption.  Goes to show how a relatively small background load going 24/7 adds up.

Where does the rest of the electricity go while we’re here?  It’s split between cooking, washing, EV charging and lighting.  No air con required at the moment.

Solar power production observations

The solar panels are past their halcyon days of regularly producing 40+kWh per day.

Daily solar power production for February

However, the daily average for February is still a respectable 31 kWh.

Weekly production clearly shows a peak in Dec/Jan.  Production is now heading down to the Winter minimum.

Weekly solar power production since July 1 2021

February electricity cost

Imported GreenPower flatlined at 9kWh for the month or a daily average of 0.3 kWh.  Importing only happens for brief periods when the inverter is catching up to a sudden load change like the induction cooktop cycling on and off.

Exported electricity in February dropped to 546 kWh, down from January’s record of 684 kWh.  A short month and lower production contributed to this decrease.

Despite the reduced production, feed-in credits were enough to offset the $1.10 per day grid connection fee and give us a $5 credit.

Energy cost since July 1

Let’s review the energy balance and costs since official records began on July 1, 2021.

  • Electricity imported = 521 kWh or 2.1 kWh per day (and falling)
  • Electricity exported = 3 436 kWh or 14.1 kWh per day (and rising)
  • Energy cost = $125 or $0.50 per day (and falling)

Looking ahead to March

Unless March has a surprise heat wave up its sleeve, I expect we will remain in passive cooling mode for the month.

Nighttime venting will probably be required after the occasional hot day.  Otherwise, the house will do what it does best – maintain a consistent, comfortable indoor temperature without the need for mechanical cooling.

There will be less solar power production but, given our low consumption, exports to the grid will continue.  It’s unlikely the feed-in tariff will cover the connection cost so we’ll probably return to an electricity bill of a few dollars.


  • Blomfield Jan

    March 15, 03 2022 06:55:30

    Hello to you both, very interesting to read your comments- about your amazing project!

    To the uninitiated- amI correct in thinking that the electricity generated from the solar panels is stored in the Battery…and at what stage of the procedure is captured poser exported to the grid?

    Another thought- during storms etc and possible power outages for grid reliant households/businesses etc, how long could /can you , in theory., remain with power? Of course it depends on the weather- sun/uv despite perhaps several days of constant rain? Hope your water garden is proving to be fascinating, with resident frogs?

    Fascinating! Do hope you are both well and enjoying retirement? Did you manage to sell the front 2 houses ? Queues of people interested?

    Take care, keep safe and enjoy your Family.

    Kind regards,


    • Libby & Howard

      March 15, 03 2022 09:17:43

      Hello Jan – yes, we managed to sell the other 2 units in our development. The COVID lockdowns affected the sales campaign but all went well in the end when restrictions were eased.

      Good questions about our solar array + battery. The system operates on a self-consumption first principle. At night, our house takes electricity from the battery and would only import from the grid if there wasn’t any charge left in the battery. When the Sun comes up, the system swings over to supply electricity from the solar panels. Excess electricity goes to the battery until that is fully recharged and then excess is exported to the grid. If I’m charging the EV, this reduces the amount available for export.
      If the grid power fails, we rely on the battery to supply electricity. You’re correct with saying it’s difficult to say how long we’d last if the grid was out for a long time. Theoretically, we could go for quite a while if there was enough sunshine to fully recharge the battery during the day. Cloudy weather would affect the amount of electricity produced from the panels so the battery could fully discharge during the day. We’d need a larger capacity battery if grid failures became more common and lasted for longer. For now, the battery is enough to keep us going overnight and sufficient for dealing with the occasional grid failure.
      Garden is going well. The canopy trees we planted in the front garden are about as high as the crepe myrtles on the footpath. The garden around our place has settled in well and is kicking off. The birds love the flowers on native plants. Seeing quite a range of different birds visiting the garden during the day. The Crimson Rosellas are fans of a ground cover that produces tiny seeds. Often see them walking around the garden, munching on the seeds. Probably won’t get any frogs in the back garden since we don’t keep pools of water for long enough. Might be a future project to see if I can create a pond. You never know.
      Hope you and yours are well.

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